conceptual metaphor- cognitive mapping between two different domains
linguistic metaphor- the expression of a cognitive metaphor in a language
ex. conceptual = PITCH RELATIONSHIPS ARE RELATIONSHIPS IN VERTICAL SPACE
ex. linguistic = “Play notes only in the highest register”, “The basses play the low notes”
image schema- dynamic cognitive construct that acts like the abstract structure of an image. connects a large amount of experiences that manifest the same recurring structure.
Invariance Principle- the components of the source and target domains should preserve the image schemata. They should be like items
General idea behind cross-domain mappings is that we try to structure an abstract domain in terms of a more concrete or understandable domain. By using the invariance principle, we can ensure that we get the most meaning out of a mapping by using two domains whose image schemata are similar, rather than different.